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Back injuries hyperextention are caused by attempting to re-surface in the opposite direction. Diving from the higher levels increases the danger and likelihood of such injuries. In Canada, elite competitive diving is regulated by DPC Diving Plongeon Canada , although the individual provinces also have organizational bodies. The main competitive season runs from February to July, although some competitions may be held in January or December, and many divers particularly international level athletes will train and compete year round.
Most provincial level competitions consist of events for 6 age groups Groups A, B, C, D, E, and Open for both genders on each of the three board levels.
These age groups roughly correspond to those standardized by FINA, with the addition of a youngest age group for divers 9 and younger, Group E, which does not compete nationally and does not have a tower event although divers of this age may choose to compete in Group D.
The age group Open is so called because divers of any age, including those over 18, may compete in these events, so long as their dives meet a minimum standard of difficulty. Although Canada is internationally a fairly strong country in diving, the vast majority of Canadian high schools and universities do not have diving teams, and many Canadian divers accept athletic scholarships from American colleges.
Adult divers who are not competitive at an elite level may compete in masters diving. Typically, masters are either adults who never practiced the sport as children or teenagers, or former elite athletes who have retired but still seek a way to be involved in the sport. Many diving clubs have masters teams in addition to their primary competitive ones, and while some masters dive only for fun and fitness, there are also masters competitions, which range from the local to world championship level.
Divers can qualify to compete at the age group national championships, or junior national championships, in their age groups as assigned by FINA up to the age of This competition is held annually in July. Qualification is based on achieving minimum scores at earlier competitions in the season, although athletes who place very highly at a national championship will be automatically qualified to compete at the next.
Divers must qualify at two different competitions, at least one of which must be a level 1 competition, i. The qualifying scores are determined by DPC according to the results of the preceding year's national competition, and typically do not have much variation from year to year. Divers older than 18, or advanced divers of younger ages, can qualify for the senior national championships, which are held twice each year, once roughly in March and once in June or July.
Once again, qualification is based on achieving minimum scores at earlier competitions in this case, within the 12 months preceding the national championships, and in an Open age group event , or high placements in previous national championships or international competitions. It is no longer the case that divers may use results from age group events to qualify for senior nationals, or results from Open events to qualify for age group nationals. National championships take place late in the year, usually during November.
The competition is held at the National Aquatic Centre in Dublin and consists of four events:. In the United Kingdom, diving competitions on all boards run throughout the year.
National Masters' Championships are held two or three times per year. In the United States, summer diving is usually limited to one meter diving at community or country club pools. Some pools organize to form intra-pool competitions. These competitions are usually designed to accommodate all school-age children. One of the largest and oldest summer leagues in the United States is found in the Northern Virginia area where teams from 47 pools compete against each other every summer.
Champions from each of these events have gone on to compete at the collegiate and Olympic levels. In the United States scholastic diving at the high school level is usually limited to one meter diving but some schools use three meter springboards. Scores from those one meter dives contribute to the swim team's overall score. High school diving and swimming concludes their season with a state competition. Depending on the state and the number of athletes competing in the state, certain qualifications must be achieved to compete in the state's championship meet.
There are often regional championships and district championships which are necessary to compete in before reaching the state meet to narrow the field to only the most competitive athletes. Most state championship meets consist of eleven dives. The eleven dives are usually split up between two categories: JO divers compete in age groups at inter-club competitions, at invitationals, and if qualified, at regional, zone and national competitions.
Divers over the age of 19 years of age cannot compete in these events as a JO diver. AAU Diving sanctions one national event per year in the summer. AAU competes on the one, three, and tower to determine the All-American team. In the United States scholastic diving at the college level requires one and three meter diving. Scores from the one and three meter competition contribute to the swim team's overall meet score.
College divers interested in tower diving may compete in the NCAA separate from swim team events. Each division also has rules on the number of dives in each competition. Division I schools only compete with 6 dives in competition.
These 6 dives consist of either 5 optionals and 1 voluntary, or 6 optionals. If the meet is a 5 optional meet, then the divers will perform 1 optional from each category Front, Back, Inward, Reverse, and Twister and then 1 voluntary from the category of their choice. The voluntary in this type of meet is always worth a DD Degree of Difficulty of 2. In a 6 optional meet, the divers will yet again perform one dive from each category, but this time they will perform a 6th optional from the category of their choosing, which is worth its actual DD from the DD sheet.
Events at the championship include 1 meter springboard, 3 meter springboard, and platform, as well as various swimming individual and relay events. To qualify for a diving event at the NCAA championships, a competitor must first finish in the top three at one of five zone championships, which are held after the various conference championship meets. A diver who scores at least points on the 3 meter springboard and points on the 1 meter springboard in a 6 optional meet can participate in the particular zone championship corresponding to the geographic region in which his or her school lies.
A number of colleges and universities offer scholarships to men and women who have competitive diving skills. These scholarships are usually offered to divers with age-group or club diving experience. The NCAA limits the number of years a college student can represent any school in competitions.
The limit is four years, but could be less under certain circumstances. Divers who continue diving past their college years can compete in Masters' Diving programs. Masters' diving programs are frequently offered by college or club programs.
Diving is also popular as a non-competitive activity. Such diving usually emphasizes the airborne experience, and the height of the dive, but does not emphasize what goes on once the diver enters the water. The ability to dive underwater can be a useful emergency skill, and is an important part of watersport and navy safety training. Entering water from a height is an enjoyable leisure activity, as is underwater swimming. Such non-competitive diving can occur indoors and outdoors. Outdoor diving typically takes place from cliffs or other rock formations either into fresh or salt water.
However, man-made diving platforms are sometimes constructed in popular swimming destinations. Outdoor diving requires knowledge of the water depth and currents as conditions can be dangerous. On occasion, the diver will inadvertently belly flop, entering the water horizontally or nearly so.
The diver typically displaces a larger than usual amount of water. A recently developing section of the sport is High Diving e. Entry to the water is invariably feet-first to avoid the risk of injury that would be involved in head-first entry from that height. The final half-somersault is almost always performed backwards, enabling the diver to spot the entry point and control their rotation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport of jumping into water, often acrobatically.
For swimming or working below the surface of the water, see underwater diving. For the same, without apparatus, see freediving. For other uses, see Dive disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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