Handball is played with a leather ball that is smaller than a basketball but bigger than a baseball. Each player on a team has the same uniform, with the exception of the goalie who wears a different colored uniform. Just like many other sports, handball players often use resin on their hands to improve their grip on the ball. The goals in handball are 2 meters high and 3 meters wide.
The main goal of the defense is to steal the ball from the other team and ultimately prevent scoring. In order to steal the ball, a defensive player may use the flat part of their hand to knock the ball away from the opposing player as they dribble or pass downfield. Defensive players can also block opposing players with their body, preventing opponents from being able to move toward their goal.
Many offensive strategies in handball revolve around preventing opposing players from guarding teammates or blocking shots. The screen is one such strategy to prevent opposing players from guarding a teammate, and it is also frequently used in basketball. The screen is used to shield or free a teammate from an opposing player by using one's body to block a defensive player from guarding a teammate.
Get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account. Handball is a sport with an emphasis on running, jumping, and throwing. Therefore, conditioning programs should focus on these areas. Since many handball players are sprinting for much of the game, it is very important that a conditioning program involves lots of sprints.
One of the best sprinting workouts is wind sprints which is a workout that repeatedly alternates sprinting with walking or jogging. For example, when performing wind sprints, a player may sprint for 10 seconds followed by 20 seconds of walking, repeated many times without stopping.
Another skill that is important in handball is jumping. To improve jumping ability, handball players can perform box jumps. Box jumps involve repeatedly jumping on and off a sturdy box without stopping. Since throwing and hand-eye coordination are also very important in handball, playing the simple game of catch is a great way to hone skills necessary in handball. Handball is a sport that combines many aspects of basketball, soccer, hockey and other sports.
Handball pits two 7-player teams against one another, each trying to shoot the ball into the other team's goal. Games start with a throw-off and continue for two minute periods. Players with the ball must either dribble, pass, or shoot, and cannot hold the ball for more than three seconds without doing one of these three actions. Only the goalie can be inside the goal area , which is marked off by a semi-circle in front of each goal. Strategies and techniques of handball include setting screens , using one's body to block the other team from moving toward the goal, and knocking the ball away from the other team using the flat part of the hand.
Since handball is a game that requires running, jumping, and throwing, conditioning programs and practices should include wind-sprints, box jumps, and playing catch. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.
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By creating an account, you agree to Study. Explore over 4, video courses. Find a degree that fits your goals. Try it risk-free for 30 days. Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? Team Handball, an Olympic sport, combines aspects of basketball, hockey, and soccer to create a fast-paced, grueling team game. Learn about various aspects of this exciting sport. Team Handball Handball was created by mixing two cups of basketball with three cups of soccer and adding a pinch of hockey.
Handball is a sport that combines parts of basketball, soccer, and hockey. Rules of Handball Handball features two 7-player teams competing against each other. Handball pits two 7-player teams against each other with the purpose of throwing the ball into the goal of the other team. This handball player is passing the ball to his teammate.
Players with the ball also have the option of dribbling or trying to throw the ball into the goal of the other team. Only the goalie is allowed to be in the goal area during a game. The goal area is marked off by the blue semi-circle area in this picture.
It may be from an old game called Longue Paume,…. Olympic Games , athletic festival that originated in ancient Greece and was revived in the late 19th century. Before the s the Games were officially limited to competitors with amateur status, but in the s many events were opened to professional athletes. Currently, the Games are open to all, even the…. Baseball, game played with a bat, a ball, and gloves between two teams of nine players each on a field with four white bases laid out in a diamond i.
Teams alternate positions as batters offense and fielders defense , exchanging…. Gridiron football, version of the sport of football so named for the vertical yard lines marking the rectangular field. Gridiron football evolved from English rugby and soccer association football ; it differs from soccer chiefly in allowing players to touch, throw, and carry the ball with their…. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Help us improve this article!
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Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Internet URLs are the best. Thank You for Your Contribution! There was a problem with your submission. Please try again later. For youths the length of the halves is reduced—25 minutes at ages 12 to 15, and 20 minutes at ages 8 to 11; though national federations of some countries may differ in their implementation from the official guidelines.
If a decision must be reached in a particular match e. Should these not decide the game either, the winning team is determined in a penalty shootout best-of-five rounds; if still tied, extra rounds afterwards until won by one team. The referees may call timeout according to their sole discretion; typical reasons are injuries, suspensions, or court cleaning.
Penalty throws should trigger a timeout only for lengthy delays, such as a change of the goalkeeper. Since , teams can call 3 team timeouts per game up to two per half , which last one minute each. This right may only be invoked by team in ball possession. Team representatives must show a green card marked with a black T on the timekeeper's desk.
The timekeeper then immediately interrupts the game by sounding an acoustic signal and stops the time. Before that, it was one per half. For purpose of calling timeouts, overtime and shootouts are extensions of the second half. A handball match is adjudicated by two equal referees. Some national bodies allow games with only a single referee in special cases like illness on short notice.
Should the referees disagree on any occasion, a decision is made on mutual agreement during a short timeout; or, in case of punishments, the more severe of the two comes into effect. The referees are obliged to make their decisions "on the basis of their observations of facts". The referees position themselves in such a way that the team players are confined between them. They stand diagonally aligned so that each can observe one side line.
Depending on their positions, one is called field referee and the other goal referee. These positions automatically switch on ball turnover.
They physically exchange their positions approximately every 10 minutes long exchange , and change sides every five minutes short exchange. The IHF defines 18 hand signals for quick visual communication with players and officials. The signal for warning or disqualification is accompanied by a yellow or red card,  respectively. The referees also use whistle blows to indicate infractions or to restart the play.
The referees are supported by a scorekeeper and a timekeeper who attend to formal things such as keeping track of goals and suspensions, or starting and stopping the clock, respectively.
They also keep an eye on the benches and notify the referees on substitution errors. Their desk is located between the two substitution areas. Each team consists of seven players on court and seven substitute players on the bench. One player on the court must be the designated goalkeeper, differing in his clothing from the rest of the field players. Substitution of players can be done in any number and at any time during game play. An exchange takes place over the substitution line.
A prior notification of the referees is not necessary. Some national bodies, such as the Deutsche Handball Bund DHB, "German Handball Federation" , allow substitution in junior teams only when in ball possession or during timeouts. This restriction is intended to prevent early specialization of players to offence or defence. Field players are allowed to touch the ball with any part of their bodies above and including the knee. As in several other team sports, a distinction is made between catching and dribbling.
A player who is in possession of the ball may stand stationary for only three seconds, and may take only three steps. They must then either shoot, pass, or dribble the ball. Taking more than three steps at any time is considered travelling, and results in a turnover. A player may dribble as many times as they want though, since passing is faster, it is the preferred method of attack , as long as during each dribble the hand contacts only the top of the ball.
Therefore, carrying is completely prohibited, and results in a turnover. After the dribble is picked up, the player has the right to another three seconds or three steps.
The ball must then be passed or shot, as further holding or dribbling will result in a double dribble turnover and a free throw for the other team.
Other offensive infractions that result in a turnover include charging and setting an illegal screen.
Carrying the ball into the six-meter zone results either in ball possession by the goalkeeper by attacker or turnover by defender. Only the goalkeepers are allowed to move freely within the goal perimeter, although they may not cross the goal perimeter line while carrying or dribbling the ball.
Within the zone, they are allowed to touch the ball with all parts of their bodies, including their feet, with a defensive aim for other actions, they are subject to the same restrictions as the field players. The goalkeepers may participate in the normal play of their teammates.
They may be substituted by a regular field player if their team elects to use this scheme in order to outnumber the defending players. Earlier, this field player become the designated goalkeeper on the court; and had to wear some vest or bib to be identified as such.
That shirt had to be equal in colour and form to the goalkeeper's shirt, to avoid confusion. A rule change meant to make the game more offensive now allows any player to substitute with the goalkeeper. The new rule resembles the one used in ice hockey. This rule was first used in the women's world championship in December and has since been used by the men's European championship in January and by both genders in the Olympic tournament in Rio in If either goalkeeper deflects the ball over the outer goal line, their team stays in possession of the ball, in contrast to other sports like football.
The goalkeeper resumes the play with a throw from within the zone "goalkeeper throw". Passing to one's own goalkeeper results in a turnover. In a penalty shot, throwing the ball against the head of a goalkeeper who is not moving risks a direct disqualification "red card". Outside of own D-zone, the goalkeeper is treated as a current field player, and has to follow field players' rules; holding or tackling an opponent player outside the area risks a direct disqualification.
Each team is allowed to have a maximum of four team officials seated on the benches. An official is anybody who is neither player nor substitute. One official must be the designated representative who is usually the team manager.
Since , representatives can call up to 3 team timeouts up to twice per half , and may address the scorekeeper, timekeeper, and referees before that, it was once per half ; overtime and shootouts are considered extensions of the second half.
Other officials typically include physicians or managers. Neither official is allowed to enter the playing court without the permission of the referees. The ball is spherical and must be made either of leather or a synthetic material. It is not allowed to have a shiny or slippery surface. As the ball is intended to be operated by a single hand, its official sizes vary depending on age and gender of the participating teams.
The referees may award a special throw to a team. This usually happens after certain events such as scored goals, off-court balls, turnovers and timeouts. All of these special throws require the thrower to obtain a certain position, and pose restrictions on the positions of all other players.